Africa to make hunger a history in a decades
African countries have committed to end hunger by the year 2025. To attain the goal, countries will take concrete measures to ensure good governance, policy reforms and legal frameworks to prioritize food and nutrition security agenda.
Countries will develop and apply context specific and realistic indicators tracking nutrition security, considering the complexity of the food and nutrition security matters.
The commitment to end hunger in the next ten year is part of the AU joint conference of ministers of agriculture, rural development, fisheries and aquaculture that was held in Addis Ababa Ethiopia.
The resolution also commits African countries to develop and operationalize social protection packages and agro entrepreneurship programs that target rural women and the youth.
On the usage of genetically modified organism (GMOs) to end hunger, the resolution says Africa will consider the development of its position on GMOs and capacity for Africa to take advantages of the opportunities. The AU Commission and NEPAD in collaboration with African relevant scientific institutions were requested to undertake a study to explore the possibility to develop an African position on GMOs with a view to take advantage of opportunities that may represent.
Speaking about the resolutions, the ESAFF Chairman, Mr. Moses Shaha (Kenya) said it was sad that the document did not actively recognize smallholder farmers as the engine for agricultural growth and transformation in Africa. “I am worried that this resolution is muted on the role of small scale farmers and farmer organizations in the transformation process; however, we will continue to engage in all policy processes to ensure our voices are heard especially at national and regional levels”
Mr. Shaha also added that the resolution with seven goals lacks specific mentioning in some areas like doubling the current level of annual growth in agriculture total factor productivity (ATFP), on accelerating intra and inter regional trade and on resilience building and risk management.
He encouraged NSAs in sustaining the momentum for advocating the allocation and increasing the percentage of national annual budget to agriculture in line with the 10% minimum commitment and put in place measures to ensure effectiveness of the investment.
The ESAFF chairman was also concerned that the resolution was silent on the roles that can be played by Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in accelerating agricultural growth and transformation especially on the institutionalization of peer review. He said “RECs can hold each other accountable and encourages good performance on commitments and periodic recognition of exemplary performance”.
Mr. Shaha commended the Non State Actors led by Action Aid, Oxfam International, PAFO and One Campaign in generating interest and public debate on ‘The Agriculture We Want’ since January 2014, and argued to continue fighting for our positions as we prepare for the AU Heads of States summit in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea in June 2014
The meeting of Ministers and None State Actors took place between 1st and 2nd May, 2014 which also included Farmer Organizations, Civil Society Organizations and the Private Sector representatives.
ESAFF was represented in the Addis Ababa meetings by Farmer Leaders from Kenya, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Madagascar and South Africa.
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